I offer developmental, line, and copyediting services for fiction and nonfiction.

For fiction, I edit book-length (50,000 words or more) thriller, mystery, historical fiction, and speculative fiction (science fiction and fantasy) manuscripts. I do edit graphic novels, visual novel and narrative game scripts, and comics (web or print) sometimes, too.

For nonfiction, I edit essays and articles about anthropology, archaeology, and history; constructed languages (conlangs); death and grieving across cultures; international humanities and art history; and travel.


TYPES OF EDITS

Developmental editing

Developmental editing is macro-level editing where we work together to prepare your draft for copyediting or proofreading. Developmental editing includes some creative coaching; you’ll learn to identify and correct weak points in your writing as we polish up and add depth to your work.

Content or substantive editing are each a type of developmental edit usually involving scene- or paragraph-level editing focused on narrative quality and content organization.

For fiction, developmental editing includes editing for characterization, plot, dialogue, POV, pacing, verb tense, structure, and so on. We want your story to be believable and immersive.

For nonfiction, developmental editing includes editing for redundancy, uneven pacing, organizational problems, weak voice, factual errors, citation errors, and so on. We want to make your text an enjoyable and appropriate narrative for your ideal readership.

You will receive a list of recommended books, articles, podcasts, and other helpful, relevant media as a part of this service.

Line editing

Line editing (also known as stylistic editing) is sentence-level editing focusing on how well your story or message is communicated to readers. My goal is to help you express your ideas in the most effective way possible.

For all manuscripts, line editing includes editing each line in your text for clarity, flow, style, tone, and voice. I also flag run-on sentences, overused words, clichés, awkward wording, vague or flat sentences, mixed metaphors, redundancies, purple prose, and more.

Line editing helps your writing be easier and more entertaining to read. Improved readability is crucial to an engaging experience for readers.

Copyediting

Copyediting (also known as copy editing or copy-editing, depending on your style guide) covers the rules of writing.

I correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and usage mistakes when copyediting a manuscript, essay, or article. Some basic fact-checking is done as well, and I might also make minor edits to layout and formatting if necessary.

Copyediting is about the correctness of the writing rather than overall language artistry. While style guides do matter, there is some flexibility when stylistically suitable.


PRICING

I charge by the project, but my rates typically fall within the range of $0.015 to $0.021 USD per word (between $15.00 and $21.00 USD per 1,000 words).

The amount charged for editing any given project may vary from what is charged for another project due to differences in project scope, subject complexity, writing quality, deadline considerations, and other factors.

I do complete two editing passes per round of edits. The second pass usually takes me half the time it takes to complete the first pass. Please contact me directly for a customized estimate for your project and samples of my work.


OTHER DETAILS

  • Unfortunately, I no longer take on fiction projects shorter than 50,000 words in length. I can refer you to other reputable editors who do edit shorter fiction manuscripts, if you’d like. I do not edit nonfiction books at this time.
  • If requested, I can provide free edits on up to 1,000 words of your fiction manuscript as a sample of my work. For nonfiction, I can provide sample edits from my portfolio.
  • Discounts might be available upon request for nonprofit organizations; veterans and active military personnel; currently enrolled full-time students; and retirees.  I do discount my services for repeat clients. Some limits do apply.
  • You can find out more about what the going rates are for editorial services through professional editors’ associations like the Editorial Freelancers Association, Editors Canada, Society for Editors and Proofreaders, and Society of Editors (Western Australia). Please keep in mind that generalized rate charts like those linked to above fail to differentiate between one editing industry and another. For example, a developmental edit for a nonfiction book about the evolution of Japanese funerary rites requires a different skill set and methodology than a developmental edit for an Afro-futuristic space opera novel.
  • You can reduce the costs of hiring a professional editor by being proactive. Get feedback from beta readers, critique partners, or writing groups. Self-edit as thoroughly as you can before asking for a quote. If you would like some recommendations on books or articles about how to write or edit, please ask. I have lots of resources for creative writers already posted here on my site.
  • Be sure to check out crowdfunding options through sites like Patreon, Kickstarter, Indiegogo, GoFundMe, or Crowdfunder to help pay for professional editing, cover design, formatting, website design, etc. for your project. Crowdfunding can teach you how to market your work and help you gauge your audience’s interest in your project before you spend any money.

Please be sure to check out my Frequently Asked Questions page. Pricing may vary from one project to the next based on a variety of factors. If I cannot help you for any reason, I will gladly refer you to another reputable professional that will better suit your project’s needs.